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Tuesday, September 30, 2008

2級 Grammar 131-135

Another week, another grammar entry. I actually wrote all the definitions down really early today, but then stopped when I realized there was nothing really on my mind that could yield 5 example sentences. I also figured I'd get started on this sooner...but I figure a lot of things.

SO. In the interest of finishing these off so I can hunker down over some more kanji before sleeping, the sentences for this week are going to be about...things in my range of vision. Fair warning, though, I will embellish freely when appropriate, and sometimes when not.

131) ~につれて, X
as ~, X also happens
~ happens along with X
とともに
にしたがって

Knowing "つれて"'s usual meaning, this is a pretty simple point. The only part to look out for is that につれて can only come after the plain dictionary form of a verb.

Ex. 僕は毎週の文法を書いて始まるにつれて、大事な電子辞書を開く。でも今日忘れたので、想像な辞書を使ってしまう。


132) ~にとって ・ ~にとっては ・ ~にとっても
for ~,
からみて (pt 3o)

This is another one that you've probably already heard if you've been immersed in Japanese for a length of time, my first usage of this one went something like "英語しか話せない外国人にとって、日本語はやっぱり難しいだろう。". "For foreigners who only speak English, Japanese is, as expected, difficult." The clincher - only use it after nouns.
Ex. 僕の彼女はきれいなことが好きだから、いつもなんかが汚れられたら、彼女もうすぐに掃除する。僕にとって、食べかけのパスタやぬれたタオルを置きっぱなしでいいでしょう。


133) ~にとっての
for ~
see above

This one is almost exactly like 132, with the grammatical difference that it must be followed and preceded by a noun, and it's possessive. I couldn't change the example sentence I snuck into grammar point 132's explanation because I'm not saying "the foreigner's Japanese". Another way to put it - the using this grammatical form makes the subject whatever comes AFTER the grammar point instead of before it.
Ex. 友達にとっての一番の忘れたものはシャツです。例えば、ソファから三枚を見える。


134) ~に伴って ・ ~に伴い ・ ~に伴う (伴=ともな)
as ~,
See 131

The only difference I see between につれて and に伴い is that the former is more sequential, ie A changes, then B changes along with it. For に伴い, though, the two are closer to simultaneous. Remember, though, that A and B in these cases are not interchangeable. Just because as A happens, so does B, does NOT mean as B happens, so does A. The other big difference - this one can be paired up with verbs and nouns alike.

Ex. テレビのリモートコントロールの電源ボタンを押すに伴ってテレビが爆発した。それは変でしょう?普通はそのボタンを押すとホットココアに注がれる。 

(you are crazy if you think I'm googling "chocolate shower")


135) ~に反して ・ ~に反する (反=はん)
To be inconsistent with~
Contrary to ~,
The OPPOSITE of 85, ~とおり

反 is a good kanji to know all by itself as a general opposition kanji. 反対, 反面教師, etc etc. Knowing this makes this definition more or less self-explanatory. When using the ~に反する version, there should be a noune on either side. For ~に反して, just a noun to the left will do. It is most commonly paired with 予想, 期待 and other predictiony/evaluative words.

Ex. 任天堂Wiiの天候チャンネルの予報に反する雨が上海に降っている

4 comments:

Jarvik7 said...

Even with safesearch turned off there is nothing dirty in the first few pages of a Google image search for chocolate shower.

I'm disappointed.

AzzidisRidden said...

Good lord... What have we become?

Defendership said...

oh man...you're right. I think we've unwittingly discovered the last untapped market of pornography...

blue said...

Ex. 僕は毎週の文法を書いて始まるにつれて、大事な電子辞書を開く。
I say
僕は毎週、文法の勉強が進むにつれて、いつも大事な電子辞書を開きます。
~につれて、X
X happens gradually along with~progressing.
Ex. 肌着泥棒の事件の調査をするにつれて、僕は二ラヴが犯人ではないかと疑うようになった。

想像な辞書を使ってしまう。
should be
想像の辞書を使ってしまう。
but unfortunately
this expression "an imaginary dictionary" does not exist in Japanese or is not used commonly.
So
勝手に想像して、やるしかなかった。
or
頭の中の辞書を使いました、ははは。


Ex. 僕にとって、食べかけのパスタやぬれたタオルを置きっぱなしでいいでしょう。

僕にとって、食べかけのパスタや、ぬれたタオルが置きっぱなしでもかまわない(気にならない)。


Ex. 友達にとっての一番の忘れたものはシャツです。例えば、ソファから三枚を見える。
Sorry, I really do not understand this Ex.


I attended AnimeFes during the last weekend and I have learned about "Chocolate rain" and "Rick Roll", hahaha.